Longevity Records:
Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish

References

Vicugna vicugna (Vicuna)

[78]Franklin, W.L., 1974. The social behavior of the vicuna, in The Behavior of Ungulates and its Relation to Management, V. Geist and F. Walther, Editors. International Union Conservation Nature Publ.: p. 477-487.
[79]Franklin, W.L., 1982. Biology, ecology, and relationship to man of the South American camelids. Pymatuning Laboratory Ecology Special Publication 6: 457-489.
[277]Schmidt, C.R., 1975. Captive breeding of the vicuna, in Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity, R.D. Martin, Editor. London: Academic Press: p. 271-283.

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