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Forschungsgruppe

Demografie der Arbeit

Ausführliche Beschreibung

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A key concern of population aging is the shrinking and greying of the workforces. Encouraging people to work longer, and thus to increase the length of working life, is often proposed as a potential solution to the challenges arising from population ageing. Accordingly, policies aimed at increasing the duration of working life have been implemented in many countries in recent years. Despite the major research and policy focus on retirement ages, very little is known about the full length of working life, what determinants shape it, and what key societal and individual life-course factors are affected by increases or decreases in labor-force participation.  

The MPIDR’s interdisciplinary Research Group Labor Demography analyzes how demographic change, the labor market, and economic factors interact in shaping the workforce of today and of the future. We study how demographic development affects the size and composition of the workforce from a demographic perspective, informed by sociological and economic theory and using demographic and statistical methods.

We assess how labor-force participation across the life course is interrelated with the dynamics of health and well-being. This includes both determining factors and outcomes of crucial labor market transitions, such as retirement or entering the labor market, as well as aspects of inequality governing how well individuals are off. A particular focus is on vulnerable population sub-groups and intersections of risk factors, shedding light on major inequalities in the labor market.

We apply demographic concepts and methods to study the labor market. We use working life expectancy as a key indicator of working life trajectories and assess its trends and determinants from a comparative perspective. Studying how specific phases of the life course contribute to the duration of working trajectories, how they interact in cumulative (dis)advantage, and how other processes and domains such as health and well-being contribute will provide novel insights into working life.

Our data sets mostly come from, but are not restricted to, developed countries and include cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys as well as register data. Methodological innovation, in particular on the measurement of labor force  participation dynamics, is a key characteristic of the research conducted in the Labor Demography research group.

 

Ausgewählte Publikationen

FINNIGAN, R.; HALE, J. M.:
Working 9 to 5? Unionization and work variability, 2004-2013
Social Forces, forthcoming. (2017).

DUDEL, C.:
Expanding the Markov chain tool box: distributions of occupation times and waiting times
MPIDR Working Paper WP-2017-017. (2017).

DUDEL, C.; MYRSKYLÄ, M.:
Working life expectancy at age 50 in the US and the impact of the Great Recession
Demography (2017).

DUDEL, C.; LÓPEZ GÓMEZ, M. A.; MYRSKYLÄ, M.; BENAVIDES, F. G.:
The length of working life in Spain: levels, recent trends, and the impact of the financial crisis
European Journal of Population (2017). Forthcoming.

LEINONEN, T.; MARTIKAINEN, P.; MYRSKYLÄ, M.:
Working life and retirement expectancies at age 50 by social class: period and cohort trends and projections for Finland
Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (2015).

 

Kontakt

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Telefon +49 (0)381 2081-118
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Telefon +49 (0)381 2081-220
Sekretariat
Telefon +49 (0)381 2081-190

 

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