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MPIDR Working Paper

Fertility and women’s employment: a meta-analysis

Matysiak, A., Vignoli, D.

MPIDR Working Paper WP-2006-048, 27 Seiten (November 2006).
Rostock, Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung

Revised October 2007

Abstract

Our research objective was to systematise the existing literature on the relation between fertility and women’s employment at the micro-level. Instead of carrying out a traditional literature review, we conducted a meta-analysis. This allowed us to compare estimates from different studies standardised for the country analysed, the method applied, control variables used, or sample selected. We focused on two effects: the impact of work on fertility and the impact of young children on employment entry. First, we found a high variation in the studied effects among the institutional settings, reflecting the existence of a north-south gradient. Second, we observed a significant change in the effects over time. Finally, we demonstrated that a failure to account for the respondent’s social background, partner and job characteristics tends to produce a bias to the estimated effects.

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