Economic and Social Demography
© Ursula Deja / Fotolia.de
The Laboratory of Economic and Social Demography is concerned with social science perspectives on demographic behaviors. A multidisciplinary perspective from sociology, demography, and economics is taken to understand the causes and consequences of low fertility, the dynamics of partnerships, and the transformation of the human life-cycle induced by longer life and postponed transition to adulthood. We explore new models and measures, pay particular attention to the quality of demographic data, and strive for a sound theoretical underpinning of our ideas.
Nearly half the world’s population lives in countries with below-replacement fertility. A wide range of populations from
Apart from understanding fertility and partnership dynamics, the Laboratory also takes a more general perspective on the human life-course. As years are added to human longevity, which stages of life will lengthen? So far, early adulthood has extended as marriage, parenthood, and career security are delayed, whereas retirement has arrived earlier, not later. To what extent are these different shifts related? What are the consequences of increasing longevity for the entire life-cycle, including childhood, human capital formation, labor-force participation, retirement, fertility, and union formation and dissolution? What can optimization models tell us? What are the effects of aggregate economic constraints on optimizing life-cycle behavior with intergenerational transfers? Under what circumstances does age at retirement fall as longevity increases? More generally, which life-cycle changes are proportional and which are non-proportional to longevity changes?
Family and Partnership in eastern and western Germany: Things staying different after all? (in German) - Familie und Partnerschaft in Ost- und Westdeutschland: Ähnlich und doch immer noch anders, Sonderheft ZfF, 12/2012, ISBN 978-3-8474-0041-7
Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe, Demographic Research, Special Collection, 20 December 2012
Latest Press Release of the Laboratory
Economic crisis lowers birth rates: Rising unemployment rates stop upward trend of fertility in European countries. (10.07.2013)