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Generations and Gender Programme - Contextual Database - Contributors

Data Sources / Citation

The comparative data come from different sources, including international databases of supranational organizations (e.g. European Union, World Bank, UNESCO) or research consortiums. We seek to provide comparative time series on the national and regional level for as many countries as possible, and as far as possible. The choice of the data source is determined by the comparability, completeness, spatial and temporal availability of the respective indicator.

In addition, we also provide data from national sources. For ten GGP countries, this data was collected by partner institutions in the respective countries (Bulgaria, Canada, France, Georgia, Hungary, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia).

All data are free for scientific use. When using the database, please cite as:

Generations and Gender Programme (Year). Generations and Gender Contextual Database. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (distributor).
Retrieved from: www.ggp-i.org/contextual-database.html on Day/Month/Year

If the data downloaded from the GGP Contextual Database comes only from one source (e.g. Eurostat), you might cite as follows:

Original Source [e.g. Eurostat, European Union, 1995-2010] (Data obtained through the Gender and Generation Contextual Database. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (distributor). Retrieved from: www.ggp-i.org/contextual-database.html on Day/Month/Year)

Please also check the original source for further information on the use of the data and proper citation.

ID Codes

For contextual data from countries and regions covered in the GGP survey, it is possible to include an ID column in the output providing the code used in the survey to identify the place of residence of an interviewed person. This makes it easy to match extracted macro data with the GGP survey data. In addition to the GGP codes, other regional coding schemes, such as NUTS and ISO, are also supported.

Meta Information

In the database, meta-information on each single data entry can be accessed by clicking on the value. This meta-information includes: information on the source, usually with a link; if applicable, information on a deviation from the general indicator definition, or on calculation/estimation procedures to derive the given number; and general comments.


The variables of the Contextual Database describe variations of context over time and among regions that are believed to have an impact on the behaviours and relations studied in the Generations and Gender Programme. The database consists of three main data types:

National-level time-series:
Time-series data that meet the historical depth of the retrospective component of the GGS.

National-level policy histories:
Policy history data that record key policy changes over time. Policy descriptions can consist of both numerical information (e.g., replacement rates, durations) and short text descriptions.

Regional-level variables:
Cross-sectional information and short time series that record recent trends on the regional level. The regional level. The regional level usually corresponds to the the first sub-national level (regions, provinces).

Concerning measurement dimensions, the conceptual framework of the Contextual Database is mainly influenced by concepts developed in welfare state research. Most variables cluster around four main concepts: (1) equality; (2) agency; (3) rights, and (4) risks and consequences associated with studied behaviours.

Information for Data Providers

Here you can find important guideline documents for the collection and preparation of data for the Contextual Database:

1. CDB_Templates_v1.10.xls [Download]

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