Longevity Records:
Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish


Elephas maximus (Asiatic elephant)

[160]Kingdon, J., 1979. An Atlas of Evolution in Africa III(B): Large Mammals. London: Academic Press.
[173]Laursen, L. and M. Bekoff, 1978. Loxodonta africana. Mammalian Species 92: 8.
[220]Moss, C.J., 1983. Oestrous behaviour and female choice in the African elephant. Behaviour 86: 167-196.
[296]Smithers, R.H.N., 1983. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion: University Pretoria.

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