Demografie der Arbeit


Labor-Force Participation and Life-Course Dynamics

In many developed countries, the size and composition of the workforce have changed considerably. This is due to demographic developments affecting the age structure, changes in educational attainment of the population, and changes in labor-force participation such as increases in female labor-force participation rates. Even though changes in the workforce and labor-force participation have received considerable interest in recent years, many open questions remain, partly due to methodological challenges. For example, the relation between labor-force participation and health is not well understood because health affects participation and vice versa, thus making it difficult to disentangle causal pathways.

This research area tackles these issues. We study the relation between labor-force participation and major phases and transitions in the life course, analyzing participation as both treatment and outcome of life-course trajectories. One focus is on health outcomes, covering e.g., cognitive functioning and disability, and relating them to early life conditions, prime working-age career trajectories, and labor supply among the elderly. Quality of work and well-being is another focus. Moreover, we study the main drivers of trends in labor-force participation and forecast its future development.

Analyses are conducted at both the macro and the micro level, using data collections and time series of official statistics as well as survey and register data. Whenever possible, state-of-the-art methods for causal inference are applied, exploiting exogenous variation, such as in natural experiments. To forecast future trends in labor-force participation, we will explore the potential of Bayesian approaches.

Projekte dieses Forschungsfelds:

  • Labor-Force Participation of Youth, Health, and Health Behaviors Details
  • Precarious Work, Life-Course Outcomes, and Health Details
  • Aging, Retirement, and Well-Being Details