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International Database on Longevity
Dmitri A. Jdanov, Ainhoa Alustiza Galarza, Olga Grigoriev; in Zusammenarbeit mit France Meslé, Jacques Vallin, Jean-Marie Robine , Arianna Caporali (alle: French National Institute for Demographic Studies, Paris, Frankreich)
Routine population statistics that cover individuals of very high ages are often problematic – even in countries with very good statistical systems – as the proportion of erroneous cases increases sharply with age. The desire to measure human mortality at extreme ages was the main motivation behind the establishment of the International Database on Longevity (IDL, www.supercentenarians.org). The database provides high-quality age-validated individual-level data on semi-supercentenarians (aged 105-109) and supercentenarians (aged 110 and older). Moreover, it is the only database that provides such data without age-ascertainment bias. The IDL is a joint project of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) and the French National Institute for Demographic Studies
The IDL obtains its candidates from records of government agencies to ensure that there is no dependency between age and the probability of being included. Candidates (to be) included need to meet strict criteria for the validity of their age (early-life documents). Nevertheless, the IDL sets of validated supercentenarians and semi-supercentenarians are not exhaustive for any country because it is hardly possible to find documents that would allow for the age validation of all of the individuals on the relevant list. Currently, the IDL has almost 2,000 validated records on supercentenarians and more than 18 thousand semi-supercentenarians from a total of 15 countries. The first person in the IDL collection who attained age 110 was born in 1852 and died in 1962 in Quebec; the last person was born in 1906 and attained age 110 in 2016.
All IDL data are provided by a group of international contributors from several European countries, Canada, and the United States. The contributors meet at regular intervals to discuss the current status and further development of the IDL, the ongoing data collection efforts in their respective countries, and to discuss new research on supercentenarians and exceptional longevity. The most recent meetings of IDL contributors were held in Rostock (May 2017), Tallin (June 2016), Copenhagen (September 2015), and in Paris (September 2014 and November 2019).
The MPIDR team is responsible for data processing. This involves communication with national data providers, data plausibility and consistency checks, data harmonization, and maintaining the database and master set used for analyses. The standards developed for data collection and presentation ensure the comparability of present and future collections, and they increase coherence in the processing of the data.
The database follows the Open Data concept.
Ageing, Mortality and Longevity
Belgien, Dänemark, Deutschland, Finnland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien, Kanada, Schweden, Schweiz, Spanien, Vereinigte Staaten