Against all odds: fathers’ use of parental leave in Germany

Geisler, E., Kreyenfeld, M. R.

Journal of European Social Policy, 21:1, 88-99 (2011)


Schlagworte: Germany, division of labor, employment, family, father


This paper investigates fathers’ usage of parental leave in Germany based on data from the microcensus 1999-2005. Special attention is given to the role that education has in leave-taking behaviour. Our empirical results show that educational differences between the partners are strong predictors of fathers’ usage of parental leave. A father is more likely to take parental leave if he has a partner who is more highly educated or older. We also find that employment through a temporary working contract substantially lowers the chances that a man will take advantage of parental leave, while being employed in the public sector increases the likelihood that a man will use his parental leave entitlement.