Max Planck Research Group

Gender Gaps in Health and Survival

Why do women outlive men?

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In all industrialized countries, women outlive men at all ages, but women show much lower health indices than men of the same age, which is the so-called "male-female-health-survival paradox". Research on sex differences in health and mortality has proliferated, yet there is still no full understanding of whether behavioral factors explain most of the gender gap or whether biological and social differences contribute more substantially to explaining sex differences in health and survival. The Max Planck Research group “Gender Gaps in Health and Survival” focuses on the question of whether gender-specific behavioral differences explain the differences in health and mortality between women and men. The researchers of the group investigate how universal the male-female-health-survival paradox across different countries and what is the role of biological, demographic, and social factors in driving the paradox is.




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