Max Planck Research Group
Gender Gaps in Health and Survival
The female advantage in life expectancy is one of the most consistent findings in demographic, epidemiological, and health-based social research. While the findings are less consistent, research also tends to show a female disadvantage in health across subjective and objective measures and in nations with very different cultures, economies, and social systems. These apparently paradoxical findings have led researchers to theorize the question “Why are women sicker, while men die quicker?” The ubiquity of the female survival at all times supports the hypothesis that the female survival advantage is biologically determined, but modulated by social and environmental factors. Substantial diversity in the direction and magnitude of gender differences in health highlights the need for more integrative and inter-disciplinary approaches to studying gender differences in health and survival, issues that we addressed in this group. The group was successfully completed on January 31, 2019.