At a Glance
Environmental Determinants of Human Capital Accumulation
Joshua Wilde; in Collaboration with Benedicte Apouey (Paris School of Economics, France)
Human capital, such as health and education, largely determines individual labor productivity, wages, overall life satisfaction, and socioeconomic status. In addition, environmental factors may disrupt the accumulation of human capital by reducing health and educational attainment, such as through malnutrition from increased food insecurity, schooling disruptions, or lower income and human capital investment. To gain a better understanding of the costs of climate change and other environmental processes, we explore in this project the relationship between environmental factors (such as malaria and other disease ecologies, heat waves, famine, floods, and other climate shocks) and short- and long-run health and educational outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. We also assess the impact of policies or programs aimed at mitigating potential negative environmental effects on human capital outcomes. Exploiting the rapid increase in bed net distribution in sub-Saharan Africa during the mid-2000s, we employ a difference-in-differences estimation strategy to identify the causal effects of bed nets on a variety of health and human capital outcomes such as mortality, stunting, anemia, fertility, literacy, and educational attainment. We also use high frequency data on deviations of weather patterns from long-run means to estimate the causal effects of climate change and adverse climatic events, such as heat waves, floods, droughts, on a similar set of human capital outcomes.
Economics, Employment, Retirement, Education and Science
IRES discussion papers 2019/19, Louvain-la-Neuve. (2019)
MPIDR Working Paper WP-2019-019. (2019)
MPIDR Technical Report TR-2018-005. (2018)