MPIDR Working Paper

Gibt es eine zunehmende bildungsspezifische Polarisierung der Erwerbsmuster von Frauen? Analysen auf Basis der Mikrozensen 1976-2004

Kreyenfeld, M. R., Konietzka, D., Geisler, E., Böhm, S.

[Did the polarization in female employment patterns increase over time? An investigation with the German micro-census 1976-2004 ]

MPIDR Working Paper WP-2007-013, 63 Seiten (März 2007).
Rostock, Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung

Schlagworte: Germany (Alte Bundesländer), breadwinners, education, family forms, female employment, microcensuses


This paper examines the development of female and maternal labor market participation in western Germany. We discuss major forces that contribute to educational differences in female employment behavior. The empirical investigation draws on data from the scientific-use-files of the micro-censuses from the years 1976 to 2004. While part-time and marginal employment rates of mothers have increased in recent years, their full-time employment rates have decreased. Particularly, the least educated mothers show dramatic reductions in their working hours over time. Full-time employment is most common among highly educated mothers and the “dual breadwinner model” is most common among highly educated couples. This finding has major consequences for the concentration of economic resources and inequality between households and families