Hybrid Format

Disparities in Quality of Life in the 21st Century: Demographic Insights from Spain

Octavio Bramajo
Laboratory of Digital and Computational Demography, March 01, 2023

Octavio Bramajo from the Center for Demographic Studies/CED at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona provided new insights into the disparities in quality of life in the 21st Century in Spain.


Spain has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. The dramatic improvement in mortality rates that occurred in the last decades has set the tone for a stronger research emphasis in the quality of survival and the prevalence of chronic conditions and ailments. While social differences in mortality could be considered as relatively narrow, disparities in the country are much larger when considering the average length of life with good health.

This presentation introduced some evidence on the magnitude of social inequalities for selected health conditions in contemporary Spain, taking in consideration its recent past history and the population challenges of the 21st Century. Furthermore, it explored other alternative frameworks and demographic measures that could be helpful to analyze and understand the dynamics of such disparities.


Octavio Bramajo is a Ph.D. candidate in Demography at the Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (Center for Demographic Studies/CED) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. He has obtained his Master's Degree and a Specialization diploma in Social Demography (Universidad Nacional de Luján, Argentina) and a Bachelor in Sociology (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina). He also took part in EDSD.

Octavio is currently sponsored by a FI grant (Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris de Recerca/European Social Fund) to study and measure social inequalities in health in adults. His main academic interests are health and mortality, application of statistical and mathematical methods for social science, social inequalities in health and aging, and pension and health care systems.

The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.