Mortality in Stockholm: recent past, present, and future
In: Tedebrand, L.-G., Sköld, P. (Eds.): Nordic demography in history and present-day society, 387–408
Scandinavian population studies 12
Umeå, Sweden, Umeå University (2001)
In this paper, we present some features of recent changes in patterns and levels of mortality in the county of Stockholm. Changes in life expectancy at birth and age distribution of deaths for men and women are described, as are patterns of probabilities of death by age and sex of inhabitants of the region. Differentials in mortality patterns between different groups of municipalities in Stockholm are described, and it is shown that the regional variation in mortality is greatest among men of working age. Changes in probabilities of death for men and women between 1990 and 1996 are also presented, revealing a spectacular improvement in the survival chances of children and young adults. These changes do not however have much impact on calculated life expectancies and on the actual number of deceased persons since death rates at younger ages are already extremely low. When making population forecasts, it is therefore more important to consider what assumptions one should make about mortality changes among the elderly in the population. Finally, various assumptions about patterns of future mortality reductions are provided.
Keywords: Sweden, mortality trends