Journal Article

Against all odds: fathers’ use of parental leave in Germany

Geisler, E., Kreyenfeld, M. R.
Journal of European Social Policy, 21:1, 88–99 (2011)


This paper investigates fathers’ usage of parental leave in Germany based on data from the microcensus 1999-2005. Special attention is given to the role that education has in leave-taking behaviour. Our empirical results show that educational differences between the partners are strong predictors of fathers’ usage of parental leave. A father is more likely to take parental leave if he has a partner who is more highly educated or older. We also find that employment through a temporary working contract substantially lowers the chances that a man will take advantage of parental leave, while being employed in the public sector increases the likelihood that a man will use his parental leave entitlement.
Keywords: Germany, division of labor, employment, family, father
The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.