Demographic dynamics and per capita environmental impact: using panel regressions and household decompositions to examine population and transport
Population and Environment, 26:1, 23–39 (2004)
This paper examines how demographic changes can help explain changes/differences in personal transport using both International Energy Agency country panel regressions and decompositions of U.S. household data. An environmental Kuznets curve for per capita road energy use was rejected; instead, the relationship between income and road energy was found to be monotonic. The ideas that more densely populated countries have less personal transport demands, the young drive more, and smaller households mean higher per capita driving were confirmed. The household decompositions indicated that changes in demand were more important than compositional changes; yet, during some periods the compositional change component was considerable.
environmental Kuznets Curve, OECD countries, population and environment, transport energy use