Do vanguard populations pave the way towards higher life expectancy for other population groups?
Population: English Edition, 69:4, 531–556 (2014)
The mechanisms of increasing human longevity have been elucidated
in part by observing vanguard groups whose mortality has decreased
more quickly than the rest of the population. In the case of the three
Nordic countries (Finland, Norway and Sweden), this pioneer group is made up of married, highly educated individuals. Using census-linked
mortality data, the authors compare trends in life expectancy and
mortality by cause of death between this vanguard group and the rest
of the population from the 1970s to the 1990s. The study shows that
besides simply following directions shown by the vanguard groups,
non-vanguard groups have their own pathways to low mortality which
are related to specific determinants of mortality changes.
Keywords: Finland, Norway, Sweden, differential mortality, education, life expectancy, marital status