Journal Article

Interaction of cadmium toxicity in embryos and larvae of zebrafish (Danio rerio) with calcium and humic substances

Meinelt, T., Playle, R. C., Pietrock, M., Burnison, B. K., Wienke, A., Steinberg, C. E. W.
Aquatic Toxicology, 54:3-4, 205–215 (2001)


The influence of humic substances (HS) and calcium (Ca) on cadmium (Cd) toxicity was determined using zebrafish (Danio rerio). Embryo and larvae of the zebrafish were exposed to various Cd concentrations (1.8; 2.8; 4.2; 6.2; 9.3 mg/l Cd) for 144 h. Combinations of low (0.2 mmol/l) and high (2 mmol/l) Ca, +HS (5 mg/l C) or -HS were used during Cd exposure. The toxicity of Cd was affected by (1) exposure concentration; (2) exposure time; (3) presence of HS; and (4) the Ca concentration. The results show that Ca and HS protect against Cd toxicity in zebrafish embryos. The best protection was in the high Ca-HS group, followed by high Ca+HS group and low Ca+HS group. The survival in the low Ca-HS group was the worse. Survival in the high Ca-HS group and the high Ca+HS group was similar with the exception of the highest Cd concentration (9.3 mg/l) where the survival of the high Ca+HS group was less than in the high Ca-HS group. The exposure system was modelled using a chemical equilibrium program (MINEQL+) to determine if the likely mechanism causing the anomalous result in the highest Cd concentration. The equilibrium model cannot explain these results, which suggests that this effect has a kinetic basis, such as time needed for Cd to displace Ca already bound by HS. (© 2001 ELSEVIER SCIENCE)
Keywords: Germany, embryo
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