Reconciliation policies and the effects of motherhood on employmnent, earnings and poverty
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 9:2, 135–155 (2007)
We examine the consequences of welfare state strategies on women´s economic outcomes in ten countries. These strategies are 1) the primary caregiver strategy, focused on valuing women´s care work; 2) the primary earner strategy, focused on encouraging women´s employment; 3) the choice strategy, which provides support for women´s employment or caregiving for young children; and 4) the earner-carer strategy, focused on helping men and women balance both care and employment. We analyze the effects of motherhood and marital status on employment rates, annual earnings, and poverty rates. Our study suggests that the strategy taken by the earner-carer strategy may be most effective at increasing equality for both married and single mothers.