Journal Article

The ethnic minorities of Estonia: changing size, location, and composition

Tammaru, T., Kulu, H.
Eurasian Geography and Economics, 44:2, 105–120 (2003)


Two European geographers survey the change in numbers, location, and composition of Estonia´s non-titular population utilizing census returns for the period 1934-2000. Much attention is devoted to an investigation of return migration of non-Estonians to other FSU republics in the 1990s. Also covered are changes in the spatial distribution of Estonia´s minorities and the dynamics of age structure as a result of its natural evolution, the sharp decline in fertility, and emigration of younger cohorts. Additionally, the authors also investigate trends in employment affecting the country´s principal ethnic minorities.
Keywords: Estonia, ethnic minorities
The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.