The impact of diet switching on resource allocation to reproduction and longevity in Mediterranean fruitflies
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London/B, 271:1545, 1319–1324 (2004)
Understanding the factors that determine the allocation and utilization of organism resources may provide an insight into the mechanisms of adaptation, ageing and reproduction. Resource allocation, which is
regarded as a method of adaptation, increases fitness and is genetically controlled. Experiments with variable diet feeding of female Mediterranean fruitflies ( capitata ) demonstrated that the feeding
regime dramatically influences lifespan, mortality and the reproduction of flies. An analysis of experimental data and numerical experiments reveals that resource allocation could explain lifespan increase when females are switched from a sugar-only to a protein-containing diet. The heterogeneity of the initial female cohort in terms of the total amount of resources and its allocation to the processes of maintenance and reproduction plays a significant role in this.
Keywords: fertility, life span, mortality