The mass emigration context of Lithuania: patterns and policy options
International Migration, 53:5, 179–193 (2015)
Lithuania represents one of the rare cases in which a state with relatively high standards for maintaining population statistics is experiencing mass emigration. In light of the policy initiatives undertaken by the Lithuanian government to address the issue of emigration, this study aims to improve our understanding of how, in this mass emigration context, emigration events are connected to specific socio-economic characteristics of individuals and variation in local socio-economic conditions. We analyse census and vital registration data covering the whole working-age population of Lithuania during the period 2011-2012. Our findings indicate that when assessing the likelihood of emigration events, individual-level characteristics such as employment status, educational attainment, and prior migration experience are highly relevant. However, the importance of these characteristics differs by gender. We also detect considerable spatial variation in emigration rates across Lithuanian municipalities. Our outcomes provide new insights for the development of cohesive migration policies in Lithuania.
Keywords: Lithuania, emigration, migration policy