Journal Article

Urbanization, suburbanization, and counterurbanization in Estonia

Tammaru, T., Kulu, H., Kask, I.
Eurasian Geography and Economics, 45:3, 212–229 (2004)


A team of European geographers compares trends in urbanization, suburbanization, and counterurbanization in post-Soviet Estonia with those in other transition countries in the former Soviet Union and Eastern and Central Europe. The study employs data from the first post-Soviet Estonian census to analyze urban and rural population movements during 1989-2000, and contrasts trends in the national settlement system (increasing population concentration in largest metropolitan areas) with those apparent at the intra-metropolitan area scale (suburbanization). Differences in trends prevailing in Estonia vis-à-vis other transition countries are investigated from the perspective of their divergent migration histories.
Keywords: Estonia, internal migration, suburbanization, urbanization
The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.