Why does Sweden have such high fertility?
Demographic Research, 13:22, 559–572 (2005)
By current European standards, Sweden has had a relatively high fertility in recent decades. During the 1980s and 1990s, the annual Total
Fertility Rate (TFR) for Sweden undulated considerably around a level just under 1.8, which is a bit lower than the corresponding level
in France and well above the level in West Germany. (In 2004 the Swedish TFR reached 1.76 on an upward trend.) The Swedish completed Cohort
Fertility Rate (CFR) was rather constant at 2 for the cohorts that produced children in the same period; for France it stayed around 2.1 while
the West-German CFR was lower and declined regularly to around 1.6. In this presentation, I describe the background for these developments
and explain the unique Swedish undulations.
Keywords: Sweden, fertility