MPIDR Working Paper
The advantages of demographic change after the wave: fewer and older, but healthier, greener, and more productive?
MPIDR Working Paper WP-2014-003, 29 pages.
Rostock, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (January 2014)
Population aging is an inevitable global demographic process. Most of the literature
on the consequences of demographic change focuses on the economic and societal
challenges that we will face as people live longer and have fewer children. In this
paper, we (a) describe key trends and projections of the magnitude and speed of
population aging; (b) discuss the economic, social, and environmental consequences
of population aging; and (c) investigate some of the opportunities that aging societies
create. We use Germany as a case study. However, the general insights that we obtain
can be generalized to other developed countries. We argue that there may be positive
unintended side effects of population aging that can be leveraged to address pressing
environmental problems and issues of gender inequality and intergenerational ties.
Keywords: Germany, ageing