MPIDR Working Paper

The East-West gradient in spatial population development within Germany: temporary GDR legacy vs. longstanding spatial disparities

Klüsener, S., Zagheni, E.
MPIDR Working Paper WP-2013-013, 25 pages.
Rostock, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (October 2013)
This working paper has been published. See the link above for further information.
Open Access


Since the unification of Germany in 1990, the former communist eastern part of the country has experienced substantial levels of population decline and outmigration. These trends are largely attributable to East-West differences in economic development (May 2007). In this article, we explore the question of whether the recent decline in population is a temporary phenomenon related to the period of transition, or whether long-term geographical factors also affect spatial population trends in Germany. In particular, we investigate to what extent East-West differences are related to the fact that parts of western Germany belong to the European dorsal (or Blue Banana arc), which has long been the most important area of economic activity in Europe (Brunet 1989). Our findings show that an East-West gradient in spatial population trends has existed since the late 19th century. This suggests that long-term geographical factors are relevant for understanding trends in Germany’s spatial population development.
Keywords: Germany, population change, spatial analysis
The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.