Demographic Data

Research Area

Mortality and Survival

Keywords: Ageing, Mortality and Longevity; Data and Surveys; Health Care, Public Health, Medicine, and Epidemiology; Statistics and Mathematics

The development of mortality databases constitutes a core activity of the Data Laboratory’s work on mortality and survival. So far, the Laboratory has developed three databases on human mortality: the Human Mortality Database (HMD, in collaboration with the Department of Demography at the University of California at Berkeley (UCB)), the Kannisto-Thatcher-Database on Old-Age Mortality (KTD), and the Human Life-Table Database (HLD, in collaboration with the Institut national d´études démographiques (INED) and the UCB). Since 2007, the Laboratory also has been developing parallel databases on fertility; i.e., the Human Fertility Database (HFD) and the Human Fertility Collection  (HFC) in collaboration with the Vienna Institute of Demography (VID). Since 2015, we have also been maintaining the Human Cause of Death Database.

Special attention is paid to collecting, integrating, and analyzing data on mortality in Germany. These data are used for analyses of mortality trends in eastern and western Germany and analyses of regional variation in mortality. Mortality and health in other industrialized countries is another focus of the Laboratory’s research work. Here, the main emphasis is on the determinants of diverging mortality trends across and within national populations. The Data Laboratory is also involved in several international projects on mortality and health in industrialized countries, as well as in Russia and eastern Europe.

The Vanguard project involves the collection, processing, and analysis of high-quality data, linking census records with death events over several years after the censuses. These data allow researchers to see not only changes in social inequalities in mortality, but also the new prospects for longevity, as presented by the advanced population groups.

Researchers of the Laboratory are also developing methods for measurement and decomposition. In addition, the Data Laboratory assists the Laboratory of Survival and Longevity in conducting a micro-level study on the biological mechanisms of stress-related hazard in Moscow.

Projects of this Research Area: