Demographic Data

At a Glance Projects Publications Team


Monitoring Mortality Inequalities Consortium

Conducted by Nazrul Islam (University of Southhampton, United Kingdom), Dmitri A. Jdanov; Amitava Banerjee (University College London, United Kingdom), Carlos Castillo-Salgado (Johns Hopkins University, USA), Ichiro Kawachi (Harvard University, USA), Kamlesh Khunti (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Sarah Lewington (Oxford Population Health, United Kingdom), Pekka Martikainen, Eva Morris (Oxford Population Health, United Kingdom), Tom Yates (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Daniel Ayoubkhani (Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom), Domantas Jasilionis, Henrik Brönnum-Hansen, Yogini Chudasama (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Hajira Dambha-Miller (University of Southampton, United Kingdom), Fernando José García López (Institute of Health Carlos III, Spain), Clare Gillies (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Ben Lacey (Oxford Population Health, United Kingdom), Vahé Nafilyan (Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom), Cameron Razieh (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Miguel Ángel Royo Bordonada (Institute of Health Carlos III, Spain), Sharmin Shabnam (University of Leicester, United Kingdom), Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Chris White (Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom), Francesco Zaccardi (University of Leicester, United Kingdom)

Detailed Description

Previous studies reported wide variability in the extent of excess deaths, changes in life expectancy (LE), and years of life lost (YLL) in 2020 when compared to expected mortality based on historical trends. For example, our group has previously reported a reduction of 2.32 years in LE in Russia, a gain of 0.41 years in New Zealand, whereas there was no evidence of change in Denmark in 2020. Previous research also highlighted within-country inequalities in premature mortality by sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geographic regions. Identifying and quantifying the key drivers of inequalities within and between the countries will help inform health policy in prioritizing and mobilizing the limited healthcare resources with a health equity lens. Using methods of decomposition analysis, the project will estimate the contributions of age-specific causes of deaths in the observed inequality in excess deaths, LE, and YLL, within and across the countries. Special attention will be paid to inequalities in COVID-19 pandemic losses and following recovery of mortality trends.  

In 2020,  we established the Monitoring Mortality Inequality Consortium to produce robust research evidence on global comparative studies on the direct and indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic with particular emphasis on intersectional inequalities. The collaboration aims to examine the major drivers of mortality inequality across the world.

Research Keywords:

Aging, Mortality and Longevity

Region keywords:


The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) in Rostock is one of the leading demographic research centers in the world. It's part of the Max Planck Society, the internationally renowned German research society.